Innovative Metal Hydride Based Thermochemical Batteries

High Energy Density Storage Systems

More Energy Efficient and Safer

Storing Electrical Energy and Harvesting it Back Out on Demand

A Very Exciting Breakthrough

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Energy Storage Will Play an Increasingly Important Role in a Decarbonized World

Innovative Storage for Clean Renewable Energy - Fights Climate Change

The Bucky Battery will change the world. It will be the first thermal energy storage based on thermochemical reactions of metal hydrides.

Metal hydrides have a distinct advantage due to the significant amount of research which has been conducted on the cycle stability of hydrogen storage materials. The most abundant element in the world is hydrogen.

"Metal Hydride Batteries creates a low-cost thermal energy storage system that can store 10 times more energy than current state-of-the-art thermal energy storage systems." - Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy U.S. Department of Energy

Converting Heat to Power

The Bucky Battery converts electricity into heat energy, stores it and then converts it back into usable electricity at a later time, chemical-mechanical batteries.

High-efficiency Metal hydrides are distinctive owing to the presence of the lightest element of the periodic table (H), being bonded to a metal.

Metal Hydrides high temperature thermal heat storage technique has great promising future.

Ther is a tremendous potential of exploiting chemical bonds to efficiently store energy. The Bucky Battery is a heat battery that stores heat energy in a reversible chemical reaction, using a new class of high efficiency materials, discovered in 1985. The Metal Hydride materials have a combination of thermodynamic energy storage densities and kinetic power capabilities that previously have not been demonstrated. "Thermochemical energy storage based on Metal Hydrides represents many unique advantages and offers a very appealing prospect for lower costs and higher efficiency" - DOE.

Green Energy Economy

A Thermochemical Solution

The company’s mission is to revolutionize energy storage to enable a sustainable future. The SCALABLE Bucky Battery helps in the fight against climate change and will have a substantial positive impact on our environment and economy. Fossil fuels - coal, oil, and gas - will not last forever.

Concentrating Solar Power Utility, Inc. (CSPU) is leading the way in the development of Advanced Energy Storage, High-Performance Proprietary Metal Hydride Batteries.

Critical Need: Electricity generation accounts for 25% of all the greenhouse gases emitted worldwide each year. "Absent battery storage, the whole value proposition of intermittent renewable energy makes no sense at all" - MIT

Implementing Energy Storage for Peak-Load Shifting

Overcoming the Limitations of Conventional Battery Technology

Thermal energy is transformed into chemical energy. Thermochemical energy, offers a higher amount of energy stored per mass of storage material. The special feature of metal hydrides as reversible heat storage systems is that upon their thermal dissociation the liberated hydrogen is simultaneously a fuel with the highest known gravimetric energy density. Thermochemical heat storage systems can provide very high energy densities and economic systems.

Proof of Concept Demonstrated

Low-Cost, High-Temperature, High Energy Density Thermal Energy Storage Systems

Current State-of-the-Art Next Generation of Hybrid Batteries

Working to help build and energize the future, the Bucky Battery technology will provide a much-needed advancement in a market estimated to be $40 billion by 2025. Metal Hydride Based Thermochemical Batteries offer an enormous billion-dollar global market, Electric Power Plants, Solar/Wind Power. Energy storage will be instrumental in the mass scale implementation of renewables, Grid Storage. The Bucky Battery will enable the next wave of renewables on the Grid.

Energize the Future, CSPU Hydride Battery technology will provide a much-needed advancement in a market estimated to be $40 billion by 2025. Metal Hydride Based Thermochemical Batteries offer an enormous billion-dollar global market, Electric Power Plants, Solar/Wind Power.

CSPU has developed a highly-engineered Metal Hydride battery which is an improved, new way of storing electricity in the form of heat. This enables renewable energy systems to generate electricity 24 hours a day.

The Bucky Battery Stores Excess Baseload Energy

The real future opportunities for investment in the energy sector are renewables. Most utility-scale renewable energy power plants only run at about 25% of their capacity because they can't generate power at night-thermal energy storage makes it possible to increase this capacity to up to 60-75%. Similarly, power plants produce a constant output of power--thermal energy storage could help increase this output during times of critical peak demand. Therefore saving utility companies billions of dollars.

The ability to store thermal energy cheaply and easily allows the reliable generation of output power.

The significant energy density advantages of metal hydrides, offers great promise for storing thermal energy on a large scale.

Enhance Performance Metal-Hydride Chemical-Energy Storage Systems will be used to ‘Close the Energy Loop’ - Energy Reserve. The higher the battery's capacity, the more Solar Energy can be stored. Hydride Batteries storage systems can also help reduce the amount of electricity utilities use during grid peak periods.

Transformational and Disruptive

The deployment of a cost-effective energy storage system using thermal batteries will revolutionize the landscape of renewable energy production world-wide by allowing renewables to truly compete with fossil fuels.

Wind and solar power generation is expanding around the globe at record rates, allowing more people to get their electricity from clean, renewable sources than ever before.

Transforming How the World Stores Power

High-efficiency Metal Hydride Batteries are one of the best High Performance Energy Storage Systems. They are very beneficial and represent a better state-of-the-art new technology. Metal hydrides, can offer several advantages over other thermochemical materials (salt hydrates, metal hydroxides, oxide, and carbonates) such as high energy storage density and power density.

Thermochemical Heat Storage - Reversible Reaction

Using Buckydust A New Class of High Efficiency Materials

Similar to the chemical reactions that make Hand Warmers heat up. Chemical storage is the technology of storing heat by utilizing highly efficient reversible alloys and hydride materials, in a chemical-reactions. It is an Exothermic = Out Heat Endothermic = In Heat process, hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions.

Endothermic vs Exothermic Reactions: The main difference is endothermic absorbs heat while exothermic produces heat. A chemical fire is a great exothermic example.

The Bucky Battery is circular it is not consuming any resources. The Bucky Battery is just pushing the hydrogen back and forward within a circular system.

The principle of hydrogen storage in metal hydrides is that atoms of hydrogen under low pressure bond chemically to the metal atoms. Adsorption of H2 gas proceeds spontaneously in an exothermic process. Conversely, hydrogen can desorbed upon heating.

In this reversible chemical reaction, the thermal energy transforms into chemical energy. In the forward reaction, thermal energy serves as the power source to drive the chemical reaction and it is able to store heat by breaking the chemical bonds in the AB molecules, dissociating AB into A and B. It is an Endothermic Process. In the reverse reaction, since the intrinsic property of exothermic reaction, the A and B molecules bind together and produce AB compounds, transforming the chemical energy back to thermal energy and releasing a large amount of heat. During the process of thermal energy storage and release, the most important thing is that the heat is stored in chemical form without any thermal waste and the energy in the chemicals do not fade in a long time with exergetic efficiency up to 96% or better.

Significantly Improves Energy Conversion Efficiency

Metal Hydride is a reversible exothermic chemical reaction, the thermal energy transforms into chemical energy. Energy can be stored in the Metal Hydride indefinitely. The storage will not decrease efficiency over time, other types of batteries have a limited life span, today the best renewable energy batteries loses approximately 60% of its efficiency over ten years. The Bucky Battery does not.

Pressure and Temperature

The Metal Hydride Battery consists of a hot and a cold side. Similar to Heat Pumps and Refrigerators and Air Conditioners, putting heat in contact with cooler, lower pressure environments so that the heat can naturally transfer. The Hydride Battery is charged by the heat from an electric furnace fed by the electricity generated from solar cell panels. This heat creates a reaction between the metals and hydrogen to store the heat energy. Hydrogen contains the maximum energy per mass among all fuels.

The Solution to the World's Most Critical Energy Needs

The main advantage of hydrides, namely their compactness, can be used to the full extent with a Bucky Battery, ultimately more cost-effective. Low cost and a high efficiency performance. Hydride Batteries are also safer, the current lithium-ion batteries are susceptible to catastrophic fire and explosion incidents.

Applications: To firm up renewables projects. As a peaking resource for Utilities, Industry, Government. Metal Hydride Batteries will also be used for peaking power and for power grid support and as auxiliary batteries.

A New Class of High Efficiency Materials

The Bucky Battery will be using composite hydrides-alloys for reversible high temperature energy storage which are a class of materials containing metal or metalloid bonded to hydrogen.

Investing in Energy Storage for a Carbonless Future

The Bucky Battery stores electricity from any power source in the form of heat and creates electricity from that heat. Heat turned into electricity.

All Shedding (Extra Power) PV Loads
Can Benefit from Capturing Power and Saving it for Use when Needed

Metal Hydride thermal Bucky Battery can store renewable energy power and deliver zero emission, low cost energy 24/7.

The Bucky Battery is designed for utility-scale power plants with tens to hundreds of megawatts capacity. The storage solution is capable of providing load-following power on-demand on a 24/7 basis. Most utility-scale solar power plants only run at about 25% of their capacity because they can't generate power at night with the Bucky Battery it will be possible to increase this capacity to up to 60-75%.

Advanced Energy Solutions

More Efficient Than Lithium-Ion
Many Times the Energy Density of a Lead Acid Battery

Metal hydrides are capable of storing huge amounts of heat with rapid reaction kinetics.

Thermal Energy Storage (TES) is a key technology for implementing renewable energies.

Breakthrough Energy Storage Technology

Rather than storing an electrical charge, Hydride Batteries converts the electrical input to heat. The heat energy is stored in metal hydride’s hot side. The hydrogen will move from the hot side to the cold side during this reaction to be stored with a minimum amount of energy loss. The hydrogen is exchanged between the two hydrides through a temperature-swing process, which creates the required small pressure changes for hydrogen flowing, without any mechanical-electric compression.

This new class of proprietary, high efficiency, Metal Hydride, has no degradation problems. It is able to store the heat for an extremely long time. With close to zero energy losses and no corrosion and it does not include any rare metals. It is a balanced system that yields consistent steady-state cycling behavior.

Thermal energy is transformed into chemical energy. Chemical storage is the technology of storing heat by utilizing reversible thermochemical reactions.

The special feature of metal hydrides as reversible heat storage systems is that upon their thermal dissociation the liberated hydrogen is a fuel with the highest known gravimetric energy density.

This thermal energy storage technology intensifies the storage of heat by more than ten times compared to latent and sensible heat storage technologies.

A New Way to Store Energy

Bucky Batteries represent an important game-changing-renewable-energy-technology that is scalable and transformative!

Commercialization and Industrialization of the Technology

Creating New Patented Technology

Technology is no longer on the fringe of the power and utilities investment agenda - it’s at its very heart.

The demand for renewable energy generation continues to increase as more and more cities commit to carbon reduction goals.

In this growing green economy, Electrical Energy Storage Systems are a growth area for capital investments.

The stationary energy storage market is projected to grow from $9.1 billion (15.2 Gwh) in 2019 to $111.8 billion (222.7 Gwh) by 2035. BloombergNEF forecasts that the worldwide energy storage market could attract nearly $1 trillion in investments over the next three decades. The time is now to invest in energy storage.

Potential Impact
Advanced Research Projects Agency
Energy U.S. Department of Energy

Security: Cost-effective thermal energy storage would enable increased use of domestic energy resources like solar and nuclear—strengthening the nation's energy security.

Environment: Cost-effective thermal energy power generation could help decrease fossil fuel-based electricity use and harmful emissions from coal-burning power plants.

Economy: Thermal energy storage systems could make it less expensive to generate power from nuclear and renewable solar energy, which in turn could help stabilize electricity rates for consumers.

Management Team

Intellectual Property: 3 Related U.S. Patents - 1 Patent Pending

Helping to Solve the World’s Energy Storage Challenges

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